KUALA LUMPUR (June 24): Malaysia's inflation, as measured by the consumer price index (CPI), increased 2.8% in May 2022 from a year earlier, led by food's price rise of 5.2%, according to the Department of Statistics Malaysia (DOSM) on Friday (June 24).
The country's CPI rise accelerated to 2.8% in May 2022 from the 2.3% year-on-year increase in April 2022.
"Food inflation continued to rise to a new high of 5.2%, the highest since November 2011 with 93% of items in this group recording increases," DOSM chief statistician Datuk Seri Dr Mohd Uzir Mahidin said in a statement.
"Meanwhile, other groups except communications also recorded increases and led to higher headline inflation of 2.8%. Transport increased 3.9%, followed by restaurants & hotels (3.7%); furnishings, household equipment & routine household maintenance (2.9%); miscellaneous goods & services (1.9%); and recreation services & culture (1.8%).
"Meanwhile, housing, water, electricity, gas & other fuels registered an increase of 1.2% [while] education increased 1%. Both groups — alcoholic beverages & tobacco and health — inclined marginally by 0.4% respectively. The communications group remained unchanged from the same period of the preceding year," Mohd Uzir said.
The DOSM said in its statement that the prices of food at home and food away from home rose 5.5% and 5.1% respectively in May 2022 from a year earlier.
Among food groups, the CPI's meat component showed the highest increase of 9.5% in May 2022 due to the increase in demand during the festive season.
"This was followed by vegetables (8.1%); milk, cheese & eggs (8%); fish & seafood (4.3%); and oils & fats (3.7%). Meanwhile, a significant [price] increase for food away from home can be seen for rice with side dishes (8.3%), roti canai (7.8%), food made from noodles (5.7%), and cooked chicken (5.1%)," the DOSM said.
Mohd Uzir said costlier chicken feed and increase in demand for chicken contributed to the increase in chicken prices in May 2022 from a year earlier.
He said the chicken component, being the largest group within the CPI's meat segment, increased 13.4% in May 2022 compared with the 7.5% year-on-year rise in April 2022.
"The average price of chicken in May 2022 was RM9.70 per kg as compared to RM8.44 in May 2021. The surge in vegetables prices in the market at the moment was mainly attributed to the rise in fertiliser prices, logistics costs, labour shortages and weather conditions.
"Among vegetables which recorded a year-on-year [price] increase in May 2022 were capsicum (29.5%), lady's finger (22.9%), tomatoes (19.6%), french beans (19%), and spinach (18.5%).
"Meanwhile, the price of the cheapest fish and the popular choice of consumers also increased. Among them were Indo-Pacific mackerel which increased to RM14.04 (May 2021: RM11.63), catfish RM10.05 (May 2021: RM9.10), and Indian mackerel RM16.65 (May 2021: RM14.52)," he said.
Meanwhile, the DOSM said the 3.9% year-on-year increase in the CPI's transport group in May 2022 was largely due to the 63.8% rise in the average price of unleaded petrol RON97 to RM4.26 a litre from RM2.60 a year earlier.
The DOSM said the increase in fuel prices was a direct impact of the 65.2% increase in the price of Brent crude oil to US$112.37 a barrel in May 2022 from a year earlier.
"Nevertheless, the implementation of subsidised prices of unleaded petrol RON95 and diesel have eased the inflation in this group.
"The [price of] unleaded petrol RON95 remained unchanged at RM2.05 per litre since March 2021," the DOSM said.
In monthly terms, May 2022 CPI increased 0.6% from April 2022, according to the DOSM.
"For the period of January to May 2022, CPI increased 2.4% as compared to the same period of the previous year," the DOSM said.